The Electro-Acuscope and Electro-Myopulse are FDA approved instruments that are both unique and sophisticated in their ability to interface micro-current with living bio-electricity. This technology incorporates biofeedback monitoring and computer chip circuitry programming. The bio-feedback works by reading impedance and resistance (the capacity of tissue to conduct signals) and its ability to "hold a charge." This biofeedback enables the computer program to calculate the corrective output (waveforms and frequencies). It can find areas where the electrical patterns are abnormal (too high with acute inflammation, or too low - a depletion of energy) and introduces the appropriate amount of low-level electrical current into the cells. Treatment will continue until a state of normal, healthy and undisrupted conductivity is restored. When this happens, the healing process is accelerated, normal range of motion returns and pain disappears. This technology offers the body the unique opportunity for self repair.
The Electro-Acuscope is an electrotherapeutic micro-current instrument which works upon subcutaneous tissues to help reduce inflammation and pain. It may also improve blood flow in circulatory impaired tissues. Numerous types of tissue cells have membranes with ion channels that are voltage sensitive. Electrotherapeutic currents can increase the entrance of substances such as calcium ions which turn on repair mechanisms within those cells. For instance, sensory nerve endings release vasoactive peptides in response to the entrance of calcium. The Electro-Acuscope monitors the electrical characteristics of the tissue from the current and voltage pulses themselves. It adjusts the shape of those current and voltage pulses using this information in order to optimize the effectiveness of the treatment. The output pulses of the Electro-Acuscope are neither constant current nor constant-voltage during their duration, but are between the two modality limits.
The Myopulse is the companion micro-current instrument to the Acuscope and is designed to treat connective tissue associated primarily with muscle. The amplitudes of the current and voltage pulses continuously vary within a "sinusoidal modulation envelope." The membrane of each muscle fiber contains voltage controlled calcium ion channels. Much of the effectiveness of the Myopulse instrument appears to be due to the modest increases in internal calcium. This increase, though inadequate to cause muscle contraction, can still result in increased ATP production and protein synthesis in order to prevent atrophy, alleviate pain and accelerate tissue repair. It would not be desirable to induce muscle contraction in the manner of conventional muscle stimulators because this would use up ATP which could be put to better use as an energy source for synthesizing new cellular repair molecules.
Since the current and voltage pulses have constantly varying amplitudes over the four-second period of each modulation envelope cycle, some impulses will be optimal for each portion of the three-dimensional current field - even to considerable depth into the tissue. Some of the current pulses will have an initial current overshoot portion that can open higher threshold ion channels especially in regions of the current field that are closer to the electrodes. In addition to monitoring the current waveform of each pulse, the Myopulse instrument also has special current and voltage monitoring impulses to provide tissue impedance information.